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162
a waE built of mud. Punishment cannot completely eradicate
their crime. If they are brought under control by an agree-
ment and gifts, they are helpful in invading (an enemy's
country), and plundering the frontiers. A king who exercises
his authority over all cannot contemplate the punishment
of a thousand for the crimes of a hundred.                          (54)
Acquire the friendship of merchants of distant islands
who import elephants and horses, by granting them villages,
spacious houses in the capital, frequent audience, presents, and
(facilities to secure) good profits, so that they (the elephants
and horses) may not reach your enemies.                            (55)
A king should converse in the audience hall amicably with
the ambassadors representing his neighbouring kings. He
should explain to his dependents the neglected obligations
(which his neighbours) owed him, and his desire to make war
upon them. While doing this, he should talk euphemistically
so as to preserve the (apparent) friendship.                         (56)
A person who has been recently made a noble should not
be admitted (to participate) in the secret deliberations (of the
council); for being elated by his new position, he reveals
(the secrets) to his friends; thus he ruins the chances of the
success (of the enterprise), thereby compassing his own down-
fall                                                                                    (57)
A king who appoints as the governors of his forts honest,
loyal and warlike Brahmans learned in the Vedas, and depen-
dent upon his family for generations; who stores up in his
forts provisions including rarities sufficient to last for a life-
time ; who distributes lands among his nobles without trans-
greasing iiie bounds of moderation; who, spending less than
Ms income, replenishes the treasury without oppressing his
Ettbjects; who, having watched the condition of his weak
enemy by means of spies, swallows him crane-wise; and who
catises harm to the enemy without trouble to himself and his
subjects*; ihat king sleeps placing his hand upon his heart, i.e.,
(58)